Nickel-Containing Materials in Marine and Related Environments (10011)
By Brian Todd, presented at symposium, the Metallurgical Society of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (CIM) and NiDI, Toronto, Aug 17-20, 1986; reprinted from CIM Proceedings, Nickel Metallurgy, Series No. 25-7/6/1/3, Vol. 1, (2), 1986. The need for large volumes of water for cooling purposes in the desalination industry has resulted in the location of many major industries on the coast. Recognized as the most corrosive natural environment, marine areas cause design problems in the selection of materials that will give good performance at reasonable cost. Nickel-containing materials -- such as copper- nickel alloys, stainless steels and nickel-base alloys have been found to provide optimum techno-economic solutions in many cases. Reviewed are their corrosion resistance, fabricability and cost.